Archive for the ‘Mary Moise’ Category

Glenn Cook: Oneness Apostle

19 October, 2010

As the Azusa Street meetings began to produce concentric waves of revival throughout Los Angeles and Southern California, many holiness ministers visited the mission at 312 Azusa Street to contend with William Seymour, the African American leader of the burgeoning Pentecostal group, concerning his strange new doctrine of speaking in tongues.  One of the early preachers to withstand Bro. Seymour was Glenn A. Cook, who was conducting holiness tent meetings at Seventh and Spring Streets in Los Angeles.  Cook was deeply impressed by Seymour’s humility and patience and began to attend the Pentecostal meetings.  He eventually apologized to Bro. Seymour for his “hard sayings” and spent five weeks in heartfelt repentance and spiritual agony before receiving the baptism of the Holy Ghost: 

I felt that I was really lost and unless I received the Holy Ghost and spoke in tongues I would miss all.  When I had just about given up all hope, the Holy Ghost fell on me as I lay in bed at home.  I seemed to be in a trance for about twenty-four hours and the next day in the meeting began to speak in tongues.

Bro. Cook proved to be an important asset to the work of the Azusa Mission and was soon ordained an elder by Bro. Seymour.  A former news reporter and a printer by trade, Cook assisted with the publication of The Apostolic Faith, the mission’s international publication, answered correspondence, and handled the mission’s finances. 

            In December 1906, Bro. Cook began an effective evangelistic campaign throughout the West, Midwest and South, spreading the Pentecostal message.  He arrived in Lamont, Oklahoma where “quite a number were tarrying and waiting for Pentecost.”  Hungry souls traveled to his meetings from over 100 miles away.  Heading eastward, he delivered the doctrine to Mother Mary Moise in St. Louis then on to Chicago.  In Indianapolis, he held powerful meetings, where several members of the Christian Missionary Alliance received the baptism of the Holy Ghost, including the Flower family, defectors from Dowie’s Zion who later became influential leaders in the Assemblies of God.  In an Apostolic Faith report, Cook accurately predicted that Indianapolis would become “a center of power, being an inter-urban railway center like Los Angeles.”  Cook was gladly received by a number of Church of God in Christ adherents in the South, while their bishop, Charles H. Mason, was on site at Azusa receiving the Holy Ghost. 

            In 1914, Cook was evangelizing in the east when he received a letter from Frank Ewart, who was conducting meetings in Los Angeles “stating that he and a number of my friends had started a tent meeting and were baptizing people in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.”  Ewart invited Cook to return to Los Angeles to assist in the work.  He accepted Ewart’s scriptural message, and he and Bro. Ewart rebaptized one another in a rented trough.  “During the following months,” wrote Bro. Cook, “the great revival broke out, many hundreds being baptized in the Name of Jesus.” 

            Bro. Cook’s acceptance of the doctrine of the mighty God in Christ placed him in the ranks of the Oneness Pentecostals, who were transforming the movement with a deeper revelation of Jesus Christ.  As a church planter, Cook took up the burden to revisit the works he had helped to found in 1906 and 1907 with the Oneness message:

During the spring of 1915, the call came to me from the Lord to go back East and carry the message to the places where several years before I had carried the message of the Holy Ghost baptism with speaking in tongues.  My first stop was St. Louis, where I visited the Rescue Home of Mother Moise . . . Before leaving St. Louis, Mother Moise, Ben Pemberton, and about forty others were baptized in the Name of Jesus in the Mississippi River.

Afterward, he traveled on to Indianapolis where:

. . . the saints were prepared and hungry for the new message.  Great crowds turned out from the beginning, people coming in from different points in Indiana, Ohio, and Illinois.  During the thirty days of the meeting, I was informed by those who kept a record that some 469 were baptized in the Name of Jesus Christ.  Among those baptized were G.T. Haywood, L.V. Roberts, the new Bishop [Samuel N.] Hancock, Brother [T.C.] Davis, and about all the leaders of that day.  The Lord made a clean sweep, leaving few Pentecostal people in te city who were not baptized in the Name of Jesus.

Throughout his lifetime, Cook continued to promote the powerful message of baptism in the Name of Jesus and the fullness of the Godhead in Christ.  He contributed articles to a number of Apostolic circulars including The Blessed Truth, The Herald of Truth, and Meat in Due Season.  He continued a deep friendship with Bro. Frank Ewart, who introduced him to the Oneness truths, and worked alongside him in Pentecostal ministry in Los Angeles, where he pastored a work in Belvedere.  When he died in 1948, Bro. Glenn A. Cook was memorialized as a trailblazer.  The seeds of truth that he scattered throughout the United States as an apostle of the Faith continue to bring forth a mighty harvest.




“A Mother in Zion”: Mary Moise and Her Mission

10 July, 2005

When she died in September 1930, Mother Mary Moise was hailed as a great social worker and a woman of uncompromising faith. In 1904, she was awarded first prize at the World Fair for her work with homeless women. Born in Richmond, Virginia in 1850, Mother Moise possessed a Southern gentility and charm that endeared her to many social outcasts in the St. Louis area, where she labored first under the auspices of the Episcopal Church and later as leader of a Pentecostal mission, Bible school, shelter and hotel for itinerant Pentecostal preachers.Her husband, Albert Welborne Moise, was a distinguished graduate of Washington University in St. Louis and a lawyer. Mr. Moise did not accept his wife’s increasing dedication to missions work, and the two separated amicably sometime after 1905. Apparently, the mission continued to receive benefaction from Mr. Moise’s business clients. The fact that the Moises were buried together suggests that rather than any sort of dissolution of their marriage, there was a workable understanding about their respective plans. He chose relative affluence and success, and she chose ministry to the dejected, living meal to meal and provision to provision.

Her inner-city work was dedicated to social pariahs and fallen women. She operated various works in St. Louis including: Bethany Christian Home, Door of Hope, the Pentecostal Rescue Home and the Dorothy Phillips Mission, named for an unfortunate girl who committed suicide. No on was too destitute or stained by the world to receive food, shelter, medicine, and prayer at one of Mother Moises’s facilities. Police often remanded prostitutes to the care of Mother Moise, a true testament to the efficacy of her labor.

Exactly when Mary Moise converted from Episcopalian to Pentecostal is not precisely clear. In 1907, Bro. Seeley D. Kinne came to the city of St. Louis from the Azusa Street Mission in Los Angeles and opened the first Apostolic Faith work over the Monarch Laundry (Warner “St. Louis Era” 1). It was probably then that Mother Moise became acquainted with Kinne’s work. Certainly, she was already a convert before 1909 , when Mother Mary Barnes, another Pentecostal pioneer worker and evangelist, joined the staff of the mission and conducted many of the preaching services. Mary Barnes had a reputation as a fiery and anointed preacher and often traveled with her prayer and evangelism bands through Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, holding Pentecostal meetings in tents and brush arbor (Warner “MMM of St. Louis” 6). In St. Louis, Mothers Moise and Barnes worked together, offering young women and vagrants a message of salvation and transformation through the power of God.

In January 1915, Bro. Glenn A. Cook, a former elder in the Azusa Street Mission under W.J. Seymour, arrived in St. Louis on a campaign through the Midwest, spreading the doctrine of baptism in Jesus’ Name. The truth of the New Testament baptismal formula had been recovered during the World Wide Pentecostal Camp Meeting in Arroyo Seco, California in 1913. After examining the scriptures and seeking God’s direction, Bro. Cook and Bro. Frank Ewart rebaptized one another in the Name of Jesus. Bro. Cook, who had been instrumental in spreading the Pentecostal message throughout the Midwest, no came bearing the revelation of the Oneness of God. Mother Moise, Mother Barnes, and nearly forth others at the mission accepted Bro. Cook’s message and were rebaptized in the Mississippi River in the Name of Jesus.

Only Heaven records the stories of the lives touched and changed by the work of the Mother Mary Moise. Many Pentecostal leaders found Apostolic truth under her roof and tutelage. She sacrificed a lifestyle of comfort and ease to answer the call to minister as a servant to those in sorest need. Her life and testimony of faith and service are an example to all of God’s people to lay up incorruptible, heavenly treasure.


Warner, Wayne. “The St. Louis Era.” AG Heritage 1 (1), pp. 1-2.

Warner, Wayne. “Mother Mary Moise of St. Louis: a Pioneer in Pentecostal Social Ministry.” AG Heritage 10 March 1986, p. 6.